General country description
A. First pillar: implementation of CAP reforms (2003)
B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures during 2007-2013
C. Vision for the CAP beyond 2013: a short overview of the debate (at Member State level) on future CAP reform
D. Literature, sources, references
The comparative analysis provides a compact overview of CAP implementation across all 27 Member States and their visions of the future of the CAP

General country discription

Comparison with EU-25

Population, 2005 (*1,000,000): 0.8

0.2% of population in EU-25

Population density, 2003 (inh./km2): 127

118 in EU-25

GDP/capita, 2005 (PPS): 19,600

84% of GDP/capita in EU-25

Share agriculture in total employment, 2002 (%): 8

5% in EU-25

Share Utilized Agricultural Area in total land area, 2003 (%): 67

46% in EU-25 in 1998

Average farm size, 2005 (ha): 5

19 in EU-15

Number of farms, 2005 (*1000): 29.9

0.5% of farms in EU-25

Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

Distribution of farming types, 2005 (% of total)

Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

EU funding for the Single Payment Scheme (SPS)
and the second pillar, 2007-2013

Funding according to CAP budget including Bulgaria and Romania.
Sources: Agra Europe (2007); CEU (2006); EC (2007a)


A. First pillar: implementation CAP reform (2003)

A.1 Single Payment Scheme


Implementation in 2009. SAPS

Coupling measures

No information

Reason for selection

No information

A.2 EU budget for Single Payment Scheme (SPS) per year (National ceiling) 2005-2013

Source: 2005: EC (2006); 2006-2013: CEU (2006) and Agra Europe (2007)

Tradability of SPS

No information

A.3 Cross-compliance: Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions (GAEC)

Source: IEEP, 2005

Selected standards of the GAEC

(Source IEEP, 2005; )

Summary of farmers' obligations

soil erosion

minimum soil cover

On steep slopes green cover should be maintained during winter with no cultivation during wet winter months


minimum land management reflecting site-specific conditions

Cultivation should follow contour lines


retain terraces

Terraces should be protected

soil organic matter

arable stubble management

Harvesting residues should be incorporated into the soil and not burnt. Implementation of crop rotation

soil structure

appropriate machinery use

Deep ploughing only in acceptable conditions. Avoid fine grading of the soil

protection of permanent pastures



minimum level of maintenance

retention of landscape features

Farmers have to protect the main characteristics of the rural landscape


avoiding the encroachment of unwanted vegetation on agricultural land

Management of unwanted vegetation

Reason for selection of cross compliance standards

No information.

A.4 Further reform of market regulations

Sugar payments (EC, 2007b), further no information.

B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures 2007-2013

B.1 Programme level and approval

There is one national RDP for Cyprus. The Rural Development Committee (consisting of representatives of the 27 Member States) has approved the RDP for Cyprus on 25 October 2007.

B.2 Distribution of public budget over the axes (%) 1)

axis 1: competitiveness

axis 2: environment and land management

axis 3: rural economy

Axis 4: Leader





Leader: Axis 1: 0.75%; Axis 2: 0.15%; Axis 3: 1.19%
1) Figures excluding Technical Assistance Source: Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Cyprus (see footnote 1)

B.3 Integration of Leader in axes 1, 2 and 3

No information

B.4 Local Action Groups (LAGs)

No information

B.5 RDP budget 2007-2013 (million euros)

Budgets regional RDPs in Cyprus 2007-2013 (million euros)

total public budget

% co-financing EAFRD1)

EAFRD budget

Contribution private sector

Total costs

National top-ups







1) % of co-financing may vary per axis
Source: EC (2007a) and Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Cyprus (see footnote 1)

B.6 Less Favoured Areas

In 2005, 90% of the Utilized Agricultural Area (UAA) (141,000 ha) was designed as Less Favoured Area (LFA) (CEU, 2005). According to the Ministry of Agriculture 127,095 ha is classified as LFA, of which 91,938 ha (65% of UAA) is eligible for payments. 19.486 ha are classified as mountain areas, 51,951 ha as areas with other handicaps, 20,501 ha as areas with specific handicaps and 35,157 ha as areas with environmental restrictions (other LFA).**

B.7 Drivers of RDP strategy

No information.


* Information provided by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Cyprus.
** Ibid


C. Vision on the CAP beyond 2013

No information

D. Literature, sources, references

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