General country description
A. First pillar: implementation of CAP reforms (2003)
B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures during 2007-2013
C. Vision for the CAP beyond 2013: a short overview of the debate (at Member State level) on future CAP reform
D. Literature, sources, references
The comparative analysis provides a compact overview of CAP implementation across all 27 Member States and their visions of the future of the CAP

General country discription

Slovak republic
Comparison with EU-25

Population, 2005 (*1,000,000): 5.4

1.2% of population in EU-25

Population density, 2003 (inh./km2): 110

118 in EU-25

GDP/capita, 2005 (PPS): 12,700

54% of GDP/capita in EU-25

Share agriculture in total employment, 2002 (%): 5

5% in EU-25

Share Utilized Agricultural Area in total land area, 2003 (%): 46

46% in EU-25 in 1998

Average farm size, 2005 (ha): 143

19 in EU-15

Number of farms, 2005 (*1000): 12.9

0.2% of farms in EU-25

Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

Distribution of farming types, 2005 (% of total)

Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

EU funding for the Single Payment Scheme (SPS)
and the second pillar, 2007-2013

Funding according to CAP budget including Bulgaria and Romania.
Sources: Agra Europe (2007); CEU (2006); EC (2007a)


A. First pillar: implementation CAP reform (2003)

A.1 Single Payment Scheme


Implementation in 2009. SAPS (EC, 2007b)Coupling measures: seperate sugar payments (EC, 2007b)

Reason for selection

No information

A.2 EU budget for Single Payment Scheme (SPS) per year (National ceiling) 2005-2013

Source: 2005: EC (2006); 2006-2013: CEU (2006) and Agra Europe (2007)

Tradability of SPS

No information

A.3 Cross-compliance: Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions (GAEC)

(Source IEEP, 2005;)

Selected standards of the GAEC

Summary of farmers’ obligations

Soil erosion

minimum land management reflecting site-specific conditions

No cultivation on slopes >12%. suitable measures to prevent wind and water erosion, o.a. plant agricultural and protective green, relief contour line agri-technology, protective crop rotation, non-ploughing technology

soil organic matter

standards for crop rotation where applicable

do not endanger ecological stability


arable stubble management

no burning

Protection of permanent pasture


Farmers have to ask permission to plough up permanent pastures, maintenance by mowing, grazing or mulching

minimum level of maintenance

retention of landscape features

if possible


avoiding the encroachment of unwanted vegetation on agricultural land

destroy weeds and prevent invasion of tress and shrubs

Slovak Republic pays attention to all issues of GAEC. SK is exceptional by the large attention to control of standards on all issues.

Reason for selection of cross compliance standards

No information

A.4 Further reform of market regulations

No information


B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures 2007-2013

B.1 Programme level and approval

There is one national RDP. The Rural Development Committee (consisting of representatives of the 27 Member States) has approved the RDP for the Slovak Republic on 21 November 2007.

B.2 Distribution of public budget over the axes (%)1)

axis 1: competitiveness

axis 2: environment and land management

axis 3: rural economy

Axis 4: Leader





1) Figures excluding Technical Assistance
Source: Own calculations based on Ministerstvo pôdohospodárstva SR (2007)

B.3 Integration of Leader in axes 1, 2 and 3

Leader contributes to Axis 3 (Ministerstvo pôdohospodárstva SR, 2007).

B.4 Local Action Groups (LAGs)

It is intended to create 25 LAGs, covering 12,000 km2 (Ministerstvo pôdohospodárstva SR, 2007).

B.5 RDP budget 2007-2013 (million euros)

total public budget

% co-financing EAFRD1)

EAFRD budget

Contribution private sector

Total costs

National top-ups







1) % of co-financing may vary per axis Source: Ministerstvo pôdohospodárstva SR (2007)

B.6 Less Favoured Areas

In 2005, 50% of the Utilized Agricultural Area (UAA) (1,226,000 ha) was classified as Less Favoured Area (LFA) (CEU, 2005).

B.7 Drivers of RDP strategy

No information


C. Vision on the CAP beyond 2013*

C.1 Stages in the development of the CAP debate

Is there a debate about the CAP beyond 2013?

No, there is hardly any debate. The attitude towards the CAP is mainly affected by the current political parties in the government. A maximum financial benefit from the CAP is aimed at. Another objective is equal treatment of old and new Member States.

C2 Key issues in the debate

No information

* Info provided by Patricia M.B. de Vries, Dutch Agricultural Attaché

D. Literature, sources, references

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