General country description
A. First pillar: implementation of CAP reforms (2003)
B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures during 2007-2013
C. Vision for the CAP beyond 2013: a short overview of the debate (at Member State level) on future CAP reform
D. Literature, sources, references
The comparative analysis provides a compact overview of CAP implementation across all 27 Member States and their visions of the future of the CAP

General country discription

Comparison with EU-25

Population, 2005 (*1,000,000): 21.7


Population density, 2003 (inh./km2): 91

118 in EU-25

GDP/capita, 2005 (PPS): 7,800

33% of GDP/capita in EU-25

Share agriculture in total employment, 2002 (%): 38

5% in EU-25

Share Utilized Agricultural Area in total land area, 2003 (%): 47.7

46% in EU-25 in 1998

Average farm size, 2005 (ha): 2

19 in EU-15

Number of farms, 2005 (*1000): 1211.8


Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

Distribution of farming types, 2005 (% of total)

Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

EU funding for the Single Payment Scheme (SPS)
and the second pillar, 2007-2013

Funding according to CAP budget including Bulgaria and Romania.
Sources: Agra Europe (2007); CEU (2006); EC (2007a)


A. First pillar: implementation CAP reform (2003)

A.1 Single Payment Scheme



Coupling measures

Separate sugar payments

A.2 EU budget for Single Payment Scheme (SPS) per year (National ceiling) 2005-2013

Source: 2005: EC (2006); 2006-2013: CEU (2006) and Agra Europe (2007)

Share of the farms that receive SPS of the total number of farms (% of total)

No information

Tradability of SPS

No information

A.3 Cross-compliance: Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions (GAEC)

Source: IEEP, 2005

Selected standards of the GAEC

No information

Reason for selection of cross compliance standards

No information

A.4 Further reform of market regulations


Fruit and vegetables

Decoupling of other products, like tobacco, hops etc.

In line with the reform.

Simplification into one market regulation

Romania is concerned about the functioning of the single Management Committee, about the optional system for import licenses and about the safeguarding measures.


B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures 2007-2013

B.1 Description of RDP

There is one national RDP. Situation August 1: the Romanian RDP is expected to be approved in the second half of 2007.

B.2 Emphasis within axes 1, 2, 3 and 4
(distribution of the budget over the axes)

Figures excluding Technical Assistance
Source: Own calculations based on Ministerul Agriculturii, Padurilor si Dezvoltariii Rurale din Romania (2007)

B.3 Leader

The Leader approach will contribute to the accomplishment of Axis 1 and 3 objectives through a local integrated development strategies and innovative actions. Currently, discussions take place regarding the integration of Leader approach in Axis 2 (Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development, 2007).

B.4 Local Action Groups (LAGs)

It is intended to create about 80 LAGs, covering 70% of the rural area (Ministerul Agriculturii, Padurilor si Dezvoltariii Rurale din Romania, 2007). Currently, one can not speak about the existence of LAGs in Romania until the RDP approval. After that moment, a selection process will occur. However, at this stage, 120 representatives of sub-regional territories were selected and trained through a PHARE project. These selected territories cover 37 of the 42 Romanian counties.*

B.5 RDP budget

Budgets regional RDPs in Romania 2007-2013 (million euros)

% of co-financing may vary per axis
Source: Ministerul Agriculturii, Padurilor si Dezvoltariii Rurale din Romania (2007)

B.6 Less Favoured Areas

Not yet finalised. Approval of the designation criteria for Less Favoured Areas (LFA) is one part of the RDP approval process for Romania as a new MS. **

B.7 Drivers of RDP Strategy

Try to implement EU rural development priorities as an addition to the national policy.


* Information provided by Elena Abagiu, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Romania, Bucharest.
** Information provided by Helen Williams, Rural Development Desk Officer, DG Agri, European Commission, Brussels.


C. Vision on the CAP beyond 2013*

C.1 Stages in the development of the CAP debate

Is there a debate about the CAP beyond 2013?

Yes, discussions regarding the CAP beyond 2013 take place among ministries, research institutes, farmers' organizations and NGOs at national, regional as well as at local level. Due to the recent accession, the discussions are in an initial phase with the emphasis on exploring which elements of the Romanian policies are similar to the CAP.

C. 2 Key issues in the debate

Components and role of the CAP (Agra Europe, 2007; Financial Times, 2007)

Organization of the CAP (1st and 2nd pillar)

No information

Financing of the CAP

No information

* Information provided by Anda Popescu, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands - Romania, Office of the Agricultural Attaché.


D. Literature, sources, references

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