General country description
A. First pillar: implementation of CAP reforms (2003)
B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures during 2007-2013
C. Vision for the CAP beyond 2013: a short overview of the debate (at Member State level) on future CAP reform
D. Literature, sources, references
The comparative analysis provides a compact overview of CAP implementation across all 27 Member States and their visions of the future of the CAP

General country discription

Comparison with EU-25

Population, 2005 (*1,000,000): 3.4

0.7% of population in EU-25

Population density, 2003 (inh./km2): 53

118 in EU-25

GDP/capita, 2005 (PPS): 11,900

51% of GDP/capita in EU-25

Share agriculture in total employment, 2002 (%): 18

5% in EU-25

Share Utilized Agricultural Area in total land area, 2003 (%): 40

46% in EU-25 in 1998

Average farm size, 2005 (ha): 18

19 in EU-15

Number of farms, 2005 (*1000): 128.6

2.0% of farms in EU-25

Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

Distribution of farming types, 2005 (% of total)

Source: own calculations based on Eurostat

EU funding for the Single Payment Scheme (SPS)
and the second pillar, 2007-2013

Funding according to CAP budget including Bulgaria and Romania.
Sources: Agra Europe (2007); CEU (2006); EC (2007a)


A. First pillar: implementation CAP reform (2003)

A.1 Single Payment Scheme


Implementation in 2009. SAPS

Coupling measures

Separate sugar payments

Reason for selection

No information

A.2 EU budget for Single Payment Scheme (SPS) per year (National ceiling) 2005-2013

Source: 2005: EC (2006); 2006-2013: CEU (2006) and Agra Europe (2007)

Tradability of SPS

No information

A.3 Cross-compliance: Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions (GAEC)

Source: Cross-Compliance in Central and Eastern European Countries

Selected standards of the GAEC

Comment (CC in Central and Esatern European Countries)


Soil erosion

Minimum soil cover

Arable land must be sown with crops, if fallow than green cover.

Soil organic matter

arable stubble management

no burning, residues of plant and stubble must be ploughed into the soil or used for the production of fertilizers.

Protection of permanent pastures


Authorization required for convertion.

minimum level of maintenance

minimum livestock stocking rates or/and appropriate regimes

keep grassland and meadows in good condition; hay or green mass cut and removed from field at least 1x year and before 1-9; keep arable land cropped or as green or black soil.


avoiding the encroachment of unwanted vegetation on agricultural land

keep land free from trees or bushes and remnant herbs; also valid for black fallow land

Lithuania focuses mainly on land abandonment. All agricultural land has to be cultivated or covered.

Reason for selection of cross compliance standards

No information.

A.4 Further reform of market regulations

Separate sugar payments (EC, 2007b), further no information.


B. Second pillar: implementation of RDP measures 2007-2013

B.1 Programme level and approval

There is one national RDP. The Rural Development Committee (consisting of representatives of the 27 Member States) has approved the RDP for Lithuania on 20 September 2007.

B.2 Distribution of public budget over the axes (%)1)

axis 1: competitiveness

axis 2: environment and land management

axis 3: rural economy

Axis 4: Leader





1) Figures excluding Technical Assistance
Source: Own calculations based on Ministry of Agriculture (2007)

B.3 Integration of Leader in axes 1, 2 and 3

Leader contributes to Axis 3.

B.4 Local Action Groups (LAGs)

From 2004 to 2006 35 LAGs were set up in Lithuania. In the new programming period it is intended to set up 50 LAGs (of which 40 newly selected). The LAGs should cover 63,800 km2.

B.5 RDP budget 2007-2013 (million euros)

total public budget

% co-financing EAFRD1)

EAFRD budget

Contribution private sector

Total costs

National top-ups







% of co-financing may vary per axis
Source: Ministry of Agriculture (2007))

B.6 Less Favoured Areas

In 2005 44% of the Utilized Agricultural Area (UAA) (1,467,000 ha) was classified as Less Favoured Area (LFA) (CEU, 2005).

B.7 Drivers of RDP strategy

No information


C. Vision on the CAP beyond 2013*

C.1 Stages in the development of the CAP debate

Is there a debate about the CAP beyond 2013?

No, there is hardly any debate about the CAP beyond 2013. The focus is rather on the preparations for the Health Check.

C2 Key issues in the debate

Components and role of the CAP

Organization of the CAP (first and second pillar)

No information

Financing of the CAP

* Information provided by Wouter Verhey, Counsellor Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality Netherlands Embassy in Warsaw.

D. Literature, sources, references

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